Nepal @ Glance
Nepal, the Himalayan kingdom of Asia
has its border with China on the North and India on
Southeast and West. It is located between
latitude 26 22' North to 30 27' North and Longitude 80
4' East to 88 12' East. Being landlocked country, the
sea access is about 1150Km from the border.
Ecologically the country is divided into three regions
running East to West i.e. the Mountains, the Hills & the
Terai.The Mountain area
lies at an altitude ranging from 4877 meters to 8848
meters above the sea level. It constitutes the 15% total
area of Nepal. Most of the high snow-capped mountains
including the world's highest peak Mt.Everest
(Mt.Sagarmatha) are located in this region. The Hills,
the middle region that covers the 64% of total area lies
between the altitude ranging between 610 meters and 4877
meters. above the sea level. This region has numerous
attractive valleys, basins, lakes and hills. The Terai
region that is low flat land is situated along the
southern side of the country. Most of the fertile lands
and dense forest area of the country are located in this
region. This region covers 17.1 area of the country.
The climate of the country varies with its
topography.the climate ranges from tropical to artic
varying with the altitude.The Himalayan Mountain region
with an altitude above 3353 maters has alpine climate
with considerably low temperature in winter. The
mid-land regions are pleasant all the year. The Terai
region has not humid climate. Nepal has four seasons:
Spring- March, April, May
Summer-June, July, and Aug
The country is administratively divided into 5
Development Regions, 14 Zones and 75 Districts.
Literacy rate (2001 census):
Total:53.74% , Male :65.08% , Female : 42.49%
Nepali (Official language)
English (Widely spoken)
Hinduism:90% Buddhism:6 % Others: 4%
GMT+5hrs 45 min.
In US $ 1: Rs 76.84 as per June 6 ,2003
At the constant prices of the fiscal year 1984/85 , GDP
(at factory cost) is estimated to increase by 0.8% the
fiscal year 2001/2002.
The preliminary estimate is that GDP at the current
prices (at factory cost) is estimated to grow by 4.3%
during the fiscal year 2001/2002.
Per capita GNP:
Rs. 18,369 (Revised F.Y. 2000/2001)
Weight & Measure:
Public Holidays :
New year (Nepal Calender) , Buddha Jayanti , Krishna
Janmasthami, Indra Jatra, Dashain Festival (Over a
Tihar festival, Constitutional Day, King's Birthday,
National Unity Day, Martyrs' Day, Maha Shivaratri,
National - Democracy Day , Holi Festival etc.
Working Hour (Official) :
Monday - Friday :9.00 a.m. to 17.00 p.m (for 3 months in
winter , 9.00 a.m. to 16.00 p.m.)
Saturday- Sunday: Official holidays
No ports in the country.
Nearest Port :
Chittagoan , Mangola (Bangladesh)
Road Network is of about 15,702 k.m.(F.Y.2000/2001)
Nepal has one Tribhuvan International Airport and 44
airfields. International servicing airlines are Royal
Aeroflot, Bangladesh Biman, China South East Airlines,
Druk Airlines, Gulf Airways, Indian Airlines, Lufthansa,
Pakistan Airlines Qatar Airways, Singapore Airlines,
Thai Airlines etc. Various internal airlines are in
operation for domestic flights.
Janakpur - Jayanagar Railway service operation of about